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|AKI||Acute Kidney Injury
Not an actual injury but a sudden reduction in kidney function.
|CKD||Chronic Kidney Disease
A gradual decline in kidney function over time.
|Prospective Cohort Study||A study to which participants are recruited and then data collected over time.|
|Retrospective Cohort Study||A study which data previously collected for a defined group of patients.
Retrospective studies have limitations as the subject data is historic and cannot be extended as the study develops. However, prospective studies require additional organisation; time has to elapse for the data to be collected and the participant cohort can diminish throughout the duration of the study.
|Cohort||Group or sub-group of participants in a study.|
|Primary care||Health care provided by your GP in the community.|
Health care provided by the hospital.
|Biomarker||Proteins in the blood and urine|